What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe that forms when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place. This movement forces the toe to bend or move toward the other toes causing an often painful lump of bone on the foot. Because this joint carries a lot of the body’s weight while walking, bunions can cause pain if left untreated.

How and why do they develop?

-Bunions form when the normal balance of the foot and ankle is out of alignment and leads to the instability of the big toe joint which causes the deformity

-They are brought about by years of abnormal motion and pressure over the big toe joint

-They are caused by our inherited foot type and the type of shoes we choose to wear. Narrow-toed shoes can aggravate the symptoms and accelerate the deformity.


-Redness, swelling, or pain at or near the big toe joint.

-Corns or calluses or irritation between the first and second toes due to pressure

-Corns or calluses underneath the base of the great toe or on the side of the great toe

-Restricted or painful motion of the big toe

-Irritation of the bump while wearing shoes


-Shoe fit is very important. Be measured and fitted by professionals such as The Fitted Foot shoe store (Located in our Seymour Office )

-Non-medicated bunion pads

-Ice and topical ligaments to reduce swelling

-Anti-inflammatory medicines

-Physical therapy to relieve the pain, inflammation and swelling around the joint

-Custom foot orthotics to slow the progression of the deformity and reduce stress on the joint



When other treatments fail and the pain persists, surgery can remove the bone enlargement, restore the normal alignment of the toe joint, and relieve pain. This is an outpatient procedure and one that allows you to continue to walk on your foot after surgery if addressed early enough.


Bunions are progressive and get worse with time. If you or a loved one has this problem, seek medical attention. We can help.

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